Tous les articles par cedejsudan

Publication : Enseigner l’histoire à l’heure de l’ébranlement colonial. Soudan, Égypte, empire britannique (1943-1960)

Le CEDEJ est heureux de vous annoncer la publication de l’ouvrage

 

 » Enseigner l’histoire à l’heure de l’ébranlement colonial. Soudan,Égypte, empire britannique (1943-1960) »

Alors que les combats de la Seconde Guerre mondiale achevaient de dissoudre le mythe de la supériorité de l’homme blanc, le Soudan était disputé par ses deux maîtres officiels, la Grande-Bretagne et l’Égypte. Le territoire s’acheminait-il vers l’indépendance ou une union politique avec son voisin méditerranéen ? La rivalité anglo-égyptienne, couplée à un impérialisme britannique soucieux de « préparer » les sociétés africaines à la souveraineté nationale, déboucha sur l’unification hâtive du Nord et du Sud-Soudan en 1947. Parvenues à des positions de pouvoir une décennie avant l’indépendance (1956), les élites du Nord s’attachèrent à faire du Soudan, pays à forte pluralité ethnolinguistique et religieuse, un État-nation arabe et musulman.

Dans ce contexte, un nouvel enseignement d’histoire fut élaboré pour les écoles élémentaires soudanaises. Quels en étaient les acteurs, les récits, les pratiques ? Cet ouvrage décortique les représentations, les apprentissages et les rapports sociaux sous-tendant la production et l’usage de manuels en langue arabe dans le Soudan colonial tardif. L’auteure propose également un éclairage comparatif sur l’histoire enseignée dans d’autres territoires de l’empire britannique en voie d’émiettement.

Ce livre offre de nouvelles clés de compréhension d’une séquence charnière dans l’histoire du monde contemporain. Au regard de l’actualité plus récente, il montre quel rôle l’histoire scolaire a pu jouer dans l’éclatement du cadre national soudanais après 1956, aboutissant à la scission du Soudan en deux États en 2011.

 

Iris Seri-Hersch est maître de conférences au Département d’études moyen-orientales (DEMO) d’Aix-Marseille Université et rattachée à l’Institut de recherches et d’études sur les mondes arabes et musulmans (IREMAM). Ses travaux portent sur l’histoire contemporaine du Soudan et de l’espace israélo-palestinien.

 

European migration policies: the case of the EUTF in Sudan

Dear All,

We are very pleased to announce CEDEJ Khartoum next Seminar :

Vladimir Cayol

“European migration policies: the case of the EUTF in Sudan”

Wednesday 25 April, 3pm

CEDEJ Khartoum

Summary: In 2015, during the La Valetta Summit, which gathered leaders of the 28 States of the European Union and about fifty African leaders, the President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Junker announced the launch of the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa. The European Trust Fund, financed by 3.4 Billion euros, aims at “addressing root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement”, protecting migrants along the migratory roads, and fighting against criminal networks which organize illegal migration. More than two years later, what does the Sudanese case reveals in terms of EU migration policies implementation? Sudan stands in a very special place in the Horn of Africa when it comes to migration trends. Situated between Eastern Africa and the Arab world, Sudan is crossed by many migrants whose desire is to reach the European shores. In a broader perspective, as a country of transit, departure, and even destination for migrants from the Horn of Africa or beyond, Sudan has become an key partner for the European countries. From a fieldwork conducted between September 2017 and April 2018 in Khartoum, I will examine the implementation of this financial tool in order to offer a better understanding of the policies implemented by the European Union in Sudan.

 

Vladimir Cayol is a master student in the field of Africa and the Middle East International and International Cooperation at the University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. He has been in intern in CEDEJ Khartoum where he has been working on migration issues these last months.

CEDEJ Khartoum is located in Khartoum 2 (street 59), not too far from Ozone. The closest « famous » building is an hospital : mustachfa « Jaber Abu el 3eez », mustachfa sukari (for diabetes). Our centre is at the second floor (there is a « CEDEJ » sign on the balcony).

Call for paper/Appel à contribution « Djibouti dans le monde du 21e siècle »

Appel à contribution  en vue de la publication d’un ouvrage sur Djibouti. Il portera le titre « Djibouti dans le monde du 21e siècle. Une Terre d’accueil, un Territoire de transit, un Etat en transition ». Il sera coordonné par Aden Omar Abdillahi (Institut des Etudes Politiques et Stratégiques du Centre d’Etude et de Recherche de Djibouti, CERD) et Jean-Nicolas Bach (CEDEJ Khartoum).

Appel à contribution-ouvrage sur Djibouti

Sudan Archive Visiting Library Fellowship, Durham University, 2018

This residential fellowship (Apr-June 2018) carries a small grant, accommodation and meals, and is a valuable research opportunity for doctoral students studying in Sudan, South Sudan, or the wider East Africa region, and whose research would be significantly supported by two months Sudan University at Durham University. More details are provided in the notice.

 

Sudan Archive Visiting Library Fellowship

Applications are welcomed from doctoral students studying Sudan, South Sudan, or the wider East Africa region, whose research would be significantly supported by two months’ study of materials held in the Sudan Archive at Durham University. The Fellowship will commence in April 2018.

The Sudan Archive was founded in 1957, the year after Sudanese independence, to collect and preserve the papers of administrators from the Sudan Political Service, missionaries, sol diers, business men, doctors, agriculturalists, teachers and others who had served or lived in the Sudan (now Sudan and South Sudan) during the Anglo Egyptian Condominium (1898 – 1955). There is also a significant amount of Mahdist material , papers relating to the military campaigns of the 1880s and 1890s, and also the post – independence period up to the present day. The Archive holds substantial numbers of papers relating to Egypt and African states bordering on Sudan and South Sudan. Most of the material is in English, with a small amount in Arabic. A summary of the collection is available online at https://www.dur.ac.uk/library/asc/sudan .

The Fellowship entitles the holder to full access to departmental and other University facilities such as Computing and Information Services, the University Library, and of course the Sudan Archive. The Fellowship carries a modest grant of £300, but also includes accommodation and all meals for the duration of the Fellowship. The Fellow will reside at Grey College during the Easter term 23 April-22 June 2018. The Fellow will also be encouraged to participate with the activities of the university’s Centre for Contemporary African History https://centreforcontemporaryafricanhistory.com.

Applicants should send a CV (of no more than 2 pages) and a two to three-page outline of their proposed research. Applicants should also arrange at the same time for their academic supervisor to send (directly) an academic reference supporting their application. These submissions should preferably be made by e-mail, and must arrive by 17:00 GMT Friday 1 December 2017.

The Gordon Memorial College Trust Fund will cover the international travel costs of successful applicants who are citizens of Sudan/South Sudan and who are resident in Sudan, South Sudan or a neighbouring country.

pg.library@durham.ac.uk

Sudan Archive Visiting Library Fellowship, Palace Green Library, Palace Green, Durham, DH1 3RN, United Kingdom

POST-DOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP – « TOWARDS A DECENTRED HISTORY OF THE MIDDLE EAST: TRANSBORDER SPACES, CIRCULATIONS, ‘FRONTIER EFFECTS’ AND STATE FORMATION, 1920-1946 » ERC PROJECT

Post-doctoral fellowship ERC at 100% in contemporary history for 3 years

The Faculty of Arts and Humanities at the University of Neuchâtel is recruiting a post-doctoral fellow for the project « Towards a decentred history of the Middle East: Transborder spaces, circulations, ‘frontier effects’ and state formation, 1920-1946 » (BORDER) funded by the European Research Council, under the direction of Professor Jordi Tejel.

Start date: 1st September 2017 or upon agreement

Requirements:

  • Candidates must hold a doctoral degree in contemporary history with an excellent track record in the field of Middle Eastern History
  • Candidates that expect to receive their Ph.D. by June 30, 2017 should provide documentation form their home institution confirming this schedule
  • Strong interest in the topics of borders, trans-border circulations, refugees, and the Middle East
  • Capacity to work both collectively and individually
  • Ability to produce high quality research papers
  • Very good command of Ottoman Turkish, modern Turkish, and English. Knowledge of French is advantageous

Tasks:

  • Academic and administrative assistance
  • Complete peer-reviewed publications and conference papers

What we offer:

  • The chosen candidate will be recruited to work at 100% for a total of three years
  • The successful candidate will participate in well-funded programmes (EU Horizon 2020) and get benefit of a highly competitive scientific environment

Treatment: Salaries are according to University’s salary scale

Assignment: Legal

Interested candidates should send an application containing a letter of motivation, a detailed curriculum vitae including two academic referees, two relevant publications, and the Ph. D. thesis by June 11, 2017to the following address nadine.eschmann@unine.ch.

All call for applications at the University of Neuchâtel are open to both women and men

 

Doctoral fellowship – « Towards a decentred history of the Middle East: Transborder spaces, circulations, ‘frontier effects’ and state formation, 1920-1946 » ERC project

A doctoral fellowship ERC at 70% in contemporary history for 4 years

The Faculty of Arts and Humanities at the University of Neuchâtel is recruiting a doctoral student for the project « Towards a decentred history of the Middle East: Transborder spaces, circulations, ‘frontier effects’ and state formation, 1920-1946 » (BORDER) funded by the European Research Council, under the direction of Professor Jordi Tejel.

Start date: 1st September 2017 or upon agreement

Requirements:

  • Candidates must hold a Master’s or equivalent degree in contemporary history, sociology or ethnology
  • A strong interest in the topics of borders, trans-border circulations, refugees, and the Middle East
  • Skills in quantitative methods are an additional asset
  • Capacity to work collectively
  • Very good command of Arabic (reading), French and English. Knowledge of German is advantageous

Tasks:

  • Academic and administrative assistance
  • Production of collective papers
  • Complete conference papers
  • Production of a thesis

What we offer: The chosen candidate will be recruited to work at 70% for a total of four years

Treatment: Salaries are according to the University’s salary scales

Assignment: Legal

Interested candidates should send an application containing a letter of motivation, a detailed curriculum vitae including two academic referees, copies of all university transcripts by June 11, 2017 to the following address nadine.eschmann@unine.ch.

All call for applications at the University of Neuchâtel are open to both women and men.

Short-term mobility in France for young researchers from Sudan

Deadline : 31 May 2017

The Fondation Maison des sciences de l’homme (FMSH), French Embassy in Sudan (AMB) and the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research of Sudan (MOHE), offer short-term mobility of two months in France for young researchers from Sudan that have defended their PhD thesis after 2007.

This research stay is designed to enable researchers to conduct research studies in France : field enquiries, library work and archives.

This call is part of the Atlas Programme offered by the FMSH and its partners.

Duration of the mobility: 2 months

Next deadline for applications: 31 May 2017

Period of stay: Between 1 September and 15 December 2017

Number of mobilities offered : 2

 

Financial details

Laureates will receive a total stipend of 3 400 € (paid in 2 instalments of 1 700 euros each). This financial contribution is intended to cover expenditure such as transport and accommodation costs.

Laureates will be considered as “Boursier du Gouvernement Français” and will have access to affordable accommodation and social security for the time of their stay.

Laureates will also benefit from free visa and logistical support.

 

Researcher’s obligations

The researcher will have to be hosted by a French laboratory / center of research.

At the end of his stay, laureates will have to give the FMSH, the AMB and the MOHE, a one to two pages maximum report on the activities he conducted during his stay and what benefits they brought to his research project.

Laureates will also provide, within 60 days after its return, a long version of the report (around 4 000 words) that might be published on CEDEJ Khartoum website after the assessment of CEDEJ Khartoum experts.

 

You don’t have French scientific contact yet or you haven’t found a laboratory / research center to host you in France?

Visit SHSlab : this tool was created by the Observatory of Social and Human Sciences. It enable to launch keyword search to find areas of research in France and research institutions : http://www.observatoire-shs.org/unites-de-recherche

 

Eligibility criteria

  • Applicants must be Sudanese nationals and be affiliated with a public institution of higher education and research / public institute of research in Sudan
  • Applicants must have obtained their PhD doctorate and presented their thesis after 2007. There is no limit of age.
  • Applicants   must   be   involved   in   research   in   social   and   human   sciences   (anthropology,   literature and art studies, history, geography, philosophy, political science, sociology, archeology etc.) and art studies, history, geography, philosophy, political science, sociology, archeology etc.)

 

Evaluation process and criteria

A selection committee composed with FMSH, AMB, MOHE and external experts will analyze the application regarding the following criteria:

  • The quality of the scientific dossier and the methodology developed
  • The relevance of a research stay in France regarding the scientific project and the candidate curricula
  • The ability to identify scientific contacts in France

 

Application procedure

Applications must be submitted electronically via the online application form no later than 31 May 2017. Applications may be completed in French or in English.

  1. Reach the online application form http://calls.msh-paris.fr and enter «Researcher Workspace».
  2. You have to be registered on the online platform in order to use it. If you haven’t created an account yet, you will be asked to.
  3. Create your profile by filling all your personal information and then enter “create a new application”.
  4. Select “Programme Atlas incoming ANNEE 2017” and then the specific call « FMSH-AMB-MOHE : Soudan > France».
  5. Fill all the information tabs.
  6. In the “Documents” final tab, you will need to upload, into one single PDF document, your application form composed with:
  • A Curriculum vitae (2 pages maximum).
  • The copy of your PhD diploma.
  • A letter from the director of the host laboratory / center of research in France.
  • A letter from the director of the institution to which you belong in Ukraine.
  • A presentation with a maximum length of 10 000 characters (spaces and references included) consisting of:
    • The objective and specific aim of the research project.
    • A bibliography.
    • The detailed program of the research stay (places and institutions to be visited, contacts).

7.  You can save your application and complete it later several times if you wish, until the closure of the call for applications. Once you have submitted your application, you will no longer have the possibility to amend it.

 

For any information on the platform or in case of you meet difficulties to use it, please contact fadili@msh-paris.fr

Incomplete application forms or applications that do not match the above description will not be taken into account.

 

Applications will be evaluated by a selection committee and candidates will be informed of the results at the end of June 2017.

 

Contact

FMSH : Marion FANJAT mfanjat@msh-paris.fr

AMB : Michel ROY michel.roy@gmail.com

MOHE : Ahmed FAHAL ahfahal@hotmail.com

 

PRIZE – Elena Vezzadini’s book awarded the 2016 Bethwell A. Ogot Prize

CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce that the African Studies Association awarded the 2016 Bethwell A. Ogot Prize to Elena Vezzadini’s book « Lost Nationalism Revolution, Memory and Anti-colonial Resistance in Sudan » (James Currey Press, 2015) for the best book on East African Studies.

9781847011152

As the jury of the African Studies Association wrote:

« Lost Nationalism offers a history of a formative yet largely forgotten event, Sudan’s 1924 Revolution, in which insurgents from the ‘White  Flag League’ attempted to overthrown the British colonial state in the name of unity with Egypt. Vezzadini connects this event to a host of regional and global developments, forcing us to rethink the role and utility of identifying ‘revolutions’ in African History. The core argument – that nationalism in 1924 Sudan should be understood not as an external dislocation but rather as the result of deliberate internal social movements – not only challenges and revises existing Sudanese historiography, but also asks us to re-interrogate more broadly the relationship between revolution and nationalism during the twentieth century. This also reopens a rather old-fashioned topic, nationalism, to a very productive regional and chronological reframing, around issues of race, class, status, communicative action and ‘knowledge panics’, with inspirational effect. With a stunning depth and breadth of research, Vezzadini has produced a kind of ‘total’ event history, the foundation of which is a sustained socio-economic analysis of those who joined the revolution, to produce an important alternative account of an event deliberately orphaned by both embarrassed British officials and subsequent Sudanese nationalists. »

Field note – Fieldwork in Sudan social protection for Sudanese transnational families, by Ester Serra Mingot

A field note by Ester Serra Mingot.

As part of the Marie Curie Initial Training Network (ITN), TRANSMIC (Transnational Migration, Citizenship and the Circulation of Rights and Responsibilities), I am conducting my PhD on “Transnational social protection: How Sudanese migrants in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom and their families in Sudan make use of social protection, locally and transnationally”.

This joint PhD project, between the University of Maastricht (Netherlands) and the University of Aix-Marseille (France), runs from 2014 until 2017.

During the course of the fieldwork in Sudan (mostly Khartoum and Omdurman), from August 3rd to October 16th 2016, I conducted ethnographic research with the families of the migrants I had previously met and interviewed in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom (UK).

CEDEJ-Khartoum supported my fieldwork in Sudan, which was the third and last terrain after conducting seven months of intensive qualitative research in the Netherlands and four months in the UK.

The main goal of this research is to investigate how Sudanese migrants in the Netherlands and the UK, and their families, in Sudan, make use of different forms of social protection, locally and across borders in order to support each other.

For the purposes of this research, I use the concept of “social protection”, rather than “social welfare” or “social security”, which are highly related to the support provided by the state, leaving out the role of other actors in the provision of social protection and support. The aim of my research goes beyond the state-provided support, and tries to understand the different resources available to and used by migrants and their families back home, be it at a state, market, third-sector and/or family levels, in order to provide and receive social protection locally and across borders. For this reason, in this research I use the concept of social protection, which is usually interpreted as having a broader character than social security or social welfare, including different mechanisms of support provided not only at a public, but also at a private, community, and market level in order to cope with the social risks, such as lack of employment, healthcare or education.

This broad approach has allowed me to go beyond the dichotomy of formal and informal forms of social protection, and explore the existing semi-formal mechanisms of support. Moreover, rather than exclusively focusing on how migrants access formal forms of social protection in the Global North or how migrants’ remittances support the health, education and other basic needs of their families back home, by taking the transnational family as the main unit of analysis, I have been able to explore the role of those ‘left behind’ in the provision of diverse services to migrants.

Furthermore, by adopting a comparative perspective between Sudanese migrants in the Netherlands and the UK, an unexpected trend of secondary migration within Europe emerged. While motivations varied according to different personal situations, issues like education, bigger Muslim community, social benefits and feelings of discrimination seemed to play an important role in people’s decision to move from the Netherlands to the UK. Interestingly, nostalgic and even sometimes regretful feelings were expressed by respondents who had moved from the Netherlands to the UK.

The multi-sited approach of my research allowed me to observe social practices produced in different geographic locations, where the object of analysis, in this case “the family”, cannot be accounted for by staying in a single place. By following people’s connections and relationships across the Netherlands, the UK and Sudan, I explored the cross-border flows of goods, services, people and ideas.

Moreover, this approach allowed me to deepen the issue by exploring ‘the two sides of the coin’, that is, both the migrants’ and their families’ accounts on the provision and reception of social protection. In my approach, the units of analysis are the families linked to each other across national boundaries; that is, a “matched sample”.

During my fieldwork in Sudan, I visited around 20 families of the migrants in Europe. While some informal interviews were conducted, most data was collected via observations and informal conversations in English and Arabic. With each family I spent a different amount of time, from 5 hours to one week, depending on their availability. Nevertheless, even those with whom I could spend less time, getting to know their living arrangements, their household configuration and their living standards was insightful to understand Sudanese family norms and the relationships with migrants in Europe.

The project is half way to completion and an in-depth analysis still to be conducted, yet fieldwork in Sudan has yielded some preliminary findings. First, acquiring a European education in order to access better-paid jobs in the Gulf countries or elsewhere, seems to be a strong motivation for many Sudanese moving to Europe, especially the UK. Second, the strong family links in Sudanese families play a role on how migration is organized at the family level. Rarely are parents left behind alone; they either migrate with a child or (more frequently) one of their children stays behind with them. This comes with collective or individual sacrifices. Third, the provision of care to elderly parents or family arrangements (e.g. marriage) seems to be a source of occasional conflict between those left-behind and the migrants, who, upon visiting or sending remittances, may try to decide how things should be done.